First meteor shower of 2020 set to light up the night sky - here's how you might be able to watch it

Skygazers are set for some celestial fireworks as the first meteor shower of 2020 looks to light up the night skies.
File picture of meteor shower. Picture by Danny Lawson/PA WireFile picture of meteor shower. Picture by Danny Lawson/PA Wire
File picture of meteor shower. Picture by Danny Lawson/PA Wire

The Quadrantid meteor shower is expected to peak on the night of Friday January 3 and, weather permitting, will be visible until the early morning of January 4.

It is set to be clear in the North East until around 11pm when cloud will roll in.

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Meteor showers, or shooting stars, are caused when pieces of debris, known as meteorites, enter the planet's atmosphere at speeds of around 43 miles per second, burning up and causing streaks of light.

Named after the now-defunct constellation of Quadrans Muralis, the Quadrantid meteor shower appears to radiate from near the constellation of Bootes beside the Big Dipper.

Unlike other meteor showers that tend to stay at their peak for about two days, the Quadrantid shower has a short peak period that lasts only a few hours.

Dhara Patel, an astronomer at the Royal Observatory Greenwich, said: "With up to 120 meteors per hour, the Quadrantids are considered one of the best annual meteor showers, however you're likely to see far fewer meteors under imperfect viewing conditions.

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"The peak of the shower only lasts a few hours compared to many other meteor showers which can stay at their peak for a couple of days, so there's a limited opportunity to catch the peak."

Unlike most meteor showers which originate from comets, it is believed the Quadrantids originate from an asteroid called 2003 EH1, which takes around five-and-a-half years to orbit the Sun.

While the meteors can be spotted all over the sky, Ms Patel advises facing towards the north-east, in the direction of the radiant, to catch as many of these shooting stars as possible.

She said: "Head out after midnight as the Moon sets below the western horizon so there's less interference from moonlight.

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"To give yourself the best chance of spotting the meteors, head out to an open and dark area, allowing your eyes time to become sensitive in the darkness by avoiding any bright sources of light like a mobile phone.

"Once you're set up, be patient and enjoy the spectacle - it'll be visible until dawn."