On this day in 1992, 31,000 miners lost their jobs at the stroke of a pen
The closure came after a long and bitter battle between unions, industry leaders and the Government which ultimately saw the demise of 31,000 jobs.
The closures were described as a "savage, brutal act of vandalism" by the president of the National Union of Mineworkers, Arthur Scargill, and a “bad decision” by Labour’s trade spokesman, Robin Cook, according to a report at the time by the BBC.
To compensate the Treasury promised Â£1 billion to help with redundancies and the communities affected, however miners were also threatened with the loss of redundancy entitlements worth up to Â£37,000 should they take any form of industrial action.
The announcement came from President of the Board of Trade, Michael Heseltine.
Only the most economically valuable mines were saved from closer.
The discovery of North Sea gas and increased imports meant coal mining was being fazed out by the government and output was to be reduced to a minimum of 25,000 million tonnes a year.
At its peak during World War II one million people worked in the coal mining industry in 958 mines across the country. By 1993 the entire coal mining industry had been privatised and gas stations replaced their retired coal counterparts.
CLOSURES IN 1984, MARCH ONWARDS
Bearpark, Co Durham Cronton, Merseyside
CLOSURES IN 1985
Aberpergwm, South WalesAbertillery, South WalesAckton Hall, YorkshireBedwas, South WalesBold, MerseysideBrenkley, Tyne and WearBrookhouse, YorkshireCortonwood, YorkshireEmley Moor, YorkshireFryston, YorkshireGarw, South WalesHaig, CumbriaHerrington, Co DurhamMargam, South WalesMoor Green, NottinghamshirePenrhiwceiber, South WalesPye Hill, NottinghamshireSacriston, Co DurhamSt Johns, South WalesSavile, YorkshireTreforgan, South WalesWolstanton, StaffordshireYorkshire Main, Yorkshire
CLOSURES IN 1986
Babbington, NottinghamshireBates, NorthumberlandBersham, North WalesBirch Coppice, WarwickshireCadeby, YorkshireComrie, FifeCwm, South WalesEppleton, Co DurhamGlasshoughton, YorkshireHorden, Co DurhamKinsley, YorkshireLedston Luck, YorkshireNantgarw / Winsor, South WalesPolkemmet, West LothianTilmanstone, KentWhitwell, NottinghamshireWhitwick/ South Leicester, Leicestershire
CLOSURES IN 1987
Newstead, NottinghamshireNostell, YorkshirePolmaise 3/4, StirlingSnowdown, KentWheldale, YorkshireWhittal, Co DurhamWoolley, YorkshireSilverwood, Yorkshire
CLOSURES IN 1988
Abernant, South WalesArkwright, DerbyshireAshington, NorthumberlandCadley Hill, DerbyshireLady Winsor / Abercynon, South WalesLinby, NottinghamshireMansfield, NottinghamshireManvers complex, YorkshireSeafield/ Frances, FifeSouth Kirkby/ Riddings, Yorkshire
CLOSURES IN 1989
Baddesley, WarwickshireBarnburgh, YorkshireBarony, AyreshireBetteshanger, KentBilston Glen, Mid LothianBlidworth, NottinghamshireCynheidre, South WalesHolditch, StaffordshireMarine/ Six Bells, South WalesMerthyr Vale, South WalesOakdale, South WalesRenishaw Park, YorkshireRoyston, YorkshireSutton, NottinghamshireTrelewis, South WalesWarsop, Nottinghamshire
CLOSURES IN 1990
Agecroft, LancashireEllistown, LeicestershireLea Hall, StaffordshireLittleton, StaffordshireShireoaks/ Steetley, NottinghamshireTreeton, YorkshireDonnisthorpe/ Rawdon, LeicestershireFlorence, Cumbria
CLOSURES IN 1991
Askern, YorkshireBagworth, LeicestershireBarnsley Main, YorkshireCreswell, DerbyshireDawdon, Co DurhamDearne Valley, YorkshireDeep Navigation, South WalesDenby Grange, YorkshireDinnington, YorkshireGedling, NottinghamshireMurton, Co DurhamPenallta, South WalesSutton Manor, MerseysideThurcroft, Yorkshire
CLOSURES IN 1992
Allerton Bywater, YorkshireBickershaw Complex, LancashireCotgrave, NottinghamshireSherwood, NottinghamshireShirebrook, DerbyshireSilverhill, Nottinghamshire
CLOSURES IN 1993
Bentley, YorkshireBolsover, DerbyshireEasington, Co DurhamFrickley/S Elmsall, YorkshireGrimethorpe, YorkshireHoughton/Darfield, YorkshireParkside, MerseysideRufford, NottinghamshireSharlston, YorkshireTaff Merthyr, South WalesVane Tempest/ Seaham, Co DurhamWestoe, Tyne and Wear
CLOSURES IN 1994
Goldthorpe/ Hickelton, YorkshireKiveton Park, YorkshireMarkham, DerbyshireManton, NottinghamshireOllerton, NottinghamshireWearmouth, Co Durham
CLOSURES IN 1995
CLOSURES IN 1996
Coventry, West MidlandsHem Heath, StaffordshireMarkham Main, YorkshirePoint of Ayr, North Wales
CLOSURES IN 1997
No collieries closed this year
CLOSURES IN 1998
Silverdale, StaffordshireMonktonhall, Mid Lothian
CLOSURES IN 1999
Calverton, NottinghamshireNorth Selby, Yorkshire
CLOSURES IN 2000
Annesley / Bentinck, NottinghamshireBlaenant, South Wales
CLOSURES IN 2001
No collieries closed this year
CLOSURES IN 2002
Longannet complex, FifePrince of Wales, Yorkshire
CLOSURES IN 2003
Betws, South WalesClipstone, Nottinghamshire
DEEP PITS STILL WORKING
Daw Mill, West MidlandsEllington, Northumberland Harworth, Nottinghamshire Kellingley, Yorkshire Maltby, Yorkshire Riccall, Selby Complex, Yorkshire. Due to close 2004. Rossington, YorkshireStillingfleet , Selby Complex, Yorkshire. Due to close 2004. Thoresby, Nottinghamshire Tower, South WalesWelbeck, Nottinghamshire Wistow, Selby Complex, Yorkshire. Due to close 2004.