The days when Sunderland led the world with the best boxing stadium on the globe

What a knockout story Sunderland has to tell from the boxing world.

Sunday, 27th June 2021, 4:55 am

Did you know that Wearside once led the world with a state-of-the-art stadium for boxing contests?

It is true and Philip Curtis from the Sunderland Antiquarian Society is the man to tell us more.

As far back as the 1830s bare knuckle fights were being held in local inns including The Lord Byron Tavern in Malings Rigg.

Sign up to our daily newsletter

The i newsletter cut through the noise

Philip Curtis, from Sunderland Antiquarian Society, has put the spotlight on the 'Palace of Punch' - the boxing stadium which could seat 3,000 spectators.
Philip Curtis, from Sunderland Antiquarian Society, has put the spotlight on the 'Palace of Punch' - the boxing stadium which could seat 3,000 spectators.

In the early 20th Century, events were held in the Hendon Road Skating Rink, the Star Music Hall in Lambton Street and Felix Scott’s Fight Emporium.

But it was shortly after the First World War that the sport really took off when brothers George and Alfred Black (whose family owned a chain of North East cinemas) bought and demolished the town’s Olympia Skating Rink in Holmeside, pictured.

They replaced it with a purpose-built 3000-seater arena called The Sunderland Stadium, known throughout town simply as The Stadium. It was dubbed ‘The Palace of Punch’ and attracted large crowds.

The Stadium opened on May 29, 1920 with Bombardier Billy Wells top of the bill.

The Olympia Skating Rink in Holmeside which was replaced by the Sunderland Stadium.

Bombardier Billy Wells was the man who banged the gong for the Rank Organisation before the start of each of their films at the cinema

This was an amphitheatre where every spectator had an uninterrupted view of the ring, and the seating was the last word in comfort. The furthest was no more than 10 metres from the action.

The stadium had entrances both in Holmeside and Park Lane. It had water bowls in each corner and it was the first arena in the world to have running water to replace the old bucket and bottle routine. It also boasted a gym and shower room.

It was top class in every way with even the corner seconds having to sport a collar and tie. The opening night was sold out with hundreds being turned away.

Holmeside with the Odeon Cinema which was one of the buildings which replaced the Stadium.

It didn’t take long for important bouts to be held there and two months after the opening, the Featherweight Championship of the North was hosted there with the meeting of Billy O’Brien and George Kills over twenty rounds.

Apart from the promoter’s purse, the winner received a handsome gold belt, the value of which was claimed to be more than the famous Lonsdale championship belt itself.

Throughout the early 1920s The Stadium held weekly shows and was undoubtedly one of the finest boxing arenas in the country. But unemployment gradually increased and with this the number of spectators gradually dwindled.

Even the lowering of admission prices had little effect and by the end of the decade it was obvious that the stadium’s days were numbered.

A view of Holmeside more than 70 years ago.

It was eventually closed in May 1930, a decade after it had opened and was replaced with a large cinema (The Regal later The Odeon) and a dance hall (The Rink).

In the decade that it was open The Stadium was undoubtedly a nursery for local talent. Several very good boxers were able to flourish including Jack ‘cast iron’ Casey, pictured, Charlie McDonald, Roy Mills and Billy Smith.

Our thanks go once again to Philip and the Sunderland Antiquarian Society.

To find out more about the history of Sunderland, visit the Antiquarian Society’s Facebook page or its website at

Read More

Read More
The story of the Sunderland rugby hero who did the town proud and became a Briti...

Support your Echo and become a subscriber today. Enjoy unlimited access to all of our news and sport, see fewer ads, experience faster load times, test your brain with daily puzzles and get access to exclusive newsletters and content. The Sunderland Echo has been on Wearside since 1873, and your support means we can continue telling your stories for generations to come. Click here to subscribe.