10 historic First World War sites you can still visit in Sunderland today
For most of us the First World War conjures up images of the front line and the horrors of the trenches.
But in the first “total war” the whole nation had to be mobilised to fight, and Sunderland with its busy shipyards was both a hive of activity and a perilous place facing marauding U-boats and Zepplein attacks. Here we look at some of the city’s First World War sites which still remain with us today:
9. Tunstall Hill
One of the highest points in Sunderland, Tunstall Hill was used for an anti-aircraft gun emplacement during World War One as part of network of artillery stations placed at strategic points around County Durham ports.
10. Beneath the waves - one to gaze out and imagine at rather than visit
The Royal Navy's detonation of a 99-year-old German torpedo off the Sunderland coast in 2016 was a reminder of the remains of war which still lie silently beneath the waves. Among them are the SM UC-32, a minelaying submarine sunk near Sunderland in February 1917 when one of her own charges detonated, and the SS Hebble, a requisitioned freight ship sunk by a mine 1.5 nautical miles east of Roker.
Sunderland's war memorial was unveiled by Col. Vaux and dedicated by the Bishop of Durham on December 26, 1922. The column weighs 85 tons and is topped by a winged statue symbolising victory. The monument and its surrounding Brothers in Arms memorial wall are now used to remember the fallen in both world wars and subsequent conflicts.